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Having a favourable geographical position, Krusevac and its surrounding has been settled since the Prehistory. Archaeological findings speak of life in this area in the Neolith Era. Still, our search for origin of Krusevac takes us back to middle ages in time of Prince Lazar that had introduced Krusevac to history as his capital in the eight decade of 14th century.


Prince Lazar Hrebeljanovic was born in 1329 in town of Prilepac, near Novo Brdo. Lazar was raised at court of King Dusan, where his father held the position of chancellor. Lazar gained high education at those times and King Dusan appointed him for his Lord Keeper of the Great Seal. In 1353, King Dusan arranges marriage between Lazar and his niece Milica, the daughter of Lord Vratko- a respectable general and collateral descendant of Nemanjic family. The exact year of Lazar being given the title of a lord (Serbian: Knez) and administration of the Pomoravlje region by King Dusan is not known. It was most probably in 1366 when Vukasin proclaimed himself a king. After the death of king Uros, soon after the Marica Battle, Lazar becomes the most powerful lord on the territory of former Serbian kingdom.

In 1371 the town of Krusevac was built. Aware that his kingdom is threatened by the Ottomans, prince Lazar decides to build the capital up north, away from the rout of the advance of Turkish army. He chooses Krusevac which suits his needs due to its favourable geo-strategic position. The Prince built the town, but the settlement had existed there even before. Construction of a new town was hastily done. Prince Lazar brought his best masons from Novo Brdo to Krusevac for that purpose. The construction presumably had lasted for two years, although it was a practice at those times to expand towns after the original construction.


On June 28, 1389 the Kosovo Battle took place. During the battle, Prince Lazar was captured and executed, like the most of prominent Serbian soldiers. "Brothers and sons, let us set off to a feat ahead of us, let us follow the path of Jesus the one who rewards. Let our death serve the duty, let our blood be spilled, let our death redeem our life and our limbs be given for our country, and God will come upon with mercy on our remains and will not wipe out our people and our country", those ere their words of Prince Lazar before the battle.


In 1393 the nobility not only recognized the age of majority to Stefan but also proclaimed him as an “absolute ruler of Serbian people". Despot Stefan Lazarevic decides to relocate the capital to Belgrade for purely military and political reasons. In early years of the 14th century, he rebuilds the fortress in Belgrade, but also fortifies the remaining towns on the territory of his state. Being ill so frequently he decides to legally resolve the issue of a throne inheritance despite the reluctance of the Ottomans. In 1426 he presents Djurdje Brankovic to clergy and nobility as a future ruler. When going hunting on a horse with a falcon on his arm, he suffered a heart attack in Glavica village near Kragujevac. He died the day after in his tent and was buried in Resava (Manasija) Monastery.


During the First World War Krusevac received many refugees and ministries of the Serbian Government retreating from advance of enemy coming from the north. In the final liberation operations, the 12th infantry regiment “Prince Lazar” from Krusevac showed a fine example of bravery. Its 2nd battalion, lead by lieutenant colonel Dragutin Gavrilovic, was the first to break through the enemy lines in the Solunica (Thessaloniki) Front on September 15, 1918. After a month of unstoppable attacks, Krusevac soldiers had come to their hometown which had been liberated in mid October.


At the beginning of the Second World War, on April 6, 1941German air forces bombarded Krusevac. Goal: destruction of military facilities Obilicevo and Ravnjak. On April 13, 1941 German 10th motorized division occupied the town. Around town, depending on their orientation, chetnik and partisan squads begin to form. Many diversion activities of partisan movement lead to civilian retaliation and execution of innocent people.


The most important day for the city is most surely Vidovdan (June 28), deeply rooted in minds of people from this area as the day of death of Prince Lazar during the battle for the country and Serbian people. In Slavic mythology St. Vid represents a high almighty divinity. In Serbian tradition Vidovdan is celebrated as the day of Kosovo Battle, and that is why Serbian Orthodox Church officially included it in religious holidays in 1892 as St. Amos and St. Prince Lazar the Martyr Day– Vidovdan. It is celebrated with all characteristic of the City’s saint protector day, like the Holy Spirits or the Holy Trinity. Every year, on the day of Vidovdan, clergy of Lazarica church delivers a memorial services for deceased Kosovo soldiers, but for all Serbian warriors killed in liberation wars as well.

Contact

Tourist Organization of the City of Krusevac

Majke Jugovica 3, 37000 Krusevac

+381 37 445 180

turizamkrusevac@mts.rs

Working hours:

Monday-Friday: 08:00-16:00

Contact TIC

Tourist Information Centre

Trg Kosovskih junaka br.6

+381 37 44 11 33

turizamkrusevac1@mts.rs

Working hours:

Monday-Friday: 08:00-20:00

Saturday: 09:00-15:00